The forest is a moist deciduous forest with semi-evergreen elements. It is one of the densest forests in Gujarat. The hilly tract of the sanctuary bordering Narmada supports some of the best forests of Gujarat harbouring floral and faunal elements bearing similarities to Himalayan and Western Ghats ones. The physical aspect is dominated by Rajpipla hills.Dhanmal is the highest peak in this region.The general slope is towards west. The sanctuary has a vast undulating terrain, lush ever pervading greenery,tall canopy,deep valleys,sombre rocks,gentle streams, majestic waterfalls-all in the Vindhyan-Satpuran ranges. Moist teak forest, moist mixed deciduous forest,dry deciduous scrub,dry bamboo brakes and dry tropical riverine forest are the varied habitats found here. It is also a major watershed feeding two major reservoirs thus conserving the soil and water.